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Analogy and Formal Distinction: On the Logical Basis of Wyclif’s Metaphysics
Conti, Alessandro D. (La Maddalena, Italy)
Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 6, no. 2 (1997)
John Wyclif (born near Richmond, Yorkshire, before 1330-died Lutterworth, Leicestershire, 31 Dec. 1384) was one of the most important and authoritative thinkers of the late Middle Ages. Not only did he lead a movement of opposition to the medieval Church and to some of its dogmas and institutions, thus becoming a forerunner of the Reformation (since influences of his main theological and ecclesiological doctrines can clearly be traced in Jan Hus and others right through Luther and Calvin), but he was also the most prominent English philosopher of the second half of the fourteenth century. His logical and metaphysical theories are, at the same time, the final result of the preceding realistic tradition of thought and the starting point of the new forms of realism propounded at the end of the Middle Ages.